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ABL 2017 26 NOV 2017 - 11 MAR 2018

Infographics - Wheelchair BasketballWheelchair basketball was originally developed by World War II veterans as part of rehabilitation in the USA in 1945. Since then, the sport has grown worldwide and was introduced at the Rome 1960 Paralympic Games. Today, it is practiced in nearly 100 countries. Wheelchair basketball is basically a game of basketball while riding a wheelchair and it is played between two teams with five players each who cannot use their lower body. It is designed for athletes who have a physical impairment that prevents running, jumping and pivoting.

Classification
Wheelchair basketball players are allocated one of eight sport classes from 1 to 4.5 points. Sum of points are not allowed to exceed 14.0 points for 5 players on court at any given time. Lesser points indicate a more significant activity limitation. All athletes have an impairment affecting their legs or feet that would prohibit them to compete equally in able-bodied basketball. Even though all athletes compete in a wheelchair, not all of the players are wheelchair users in daily life and most of them can function using their arms well.

1 point

  • Little or no trunk control and thus cannot bend forward or sideways or rotate to catch and pass the ball
  • Rely on arms to return to upright position when unbalanced
  • Backrest of the wheelchair is a bit higher for a stable position and athletes are strapped to the wheelchair

2 points

  • Able to lean forward and rotate their body to some extent, allowing them to catch the ball within a larger radius
  • Wheelchairs have a higher backrest and strapping for trunk support

3 points

  • Have trunk control that allows them to fully rotate and lean forward, but does not allow them to lean to the sides
  • Wheelchair has a low backrest as they do not need sitting support

4 points

  • Able to move forward and rotate
  • Able to partially lean to the sides
  • Have difficulty with controlled movement to one side due to limitations in one lower limb

4.5 points

  • Least eligible impairment
  • No restriction in trunk rotation or leaning forward or sideways

Tournament Rules
Similar to the travelling violation where an athlete takes three or more steps without dribbling, it is also a violation to touch the wheels more than three times while holding the ball on the player’s lap when playing wheelchair basketball. Unlike in regular basketball, double dribble is not considered a violation. It is allowed to dribble again after picking up one's dribble.

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